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Student Worksheet: Energy Levels in the Atom

Calculate the Energy! Student Worksheet

Neils Bohr numbered the energy levels (n) of hydrogen, with level 1 (n=1) being the ground state, level 2 being the first excited state, and so on. Remember that there is a maximum energy that each electron can have and still be part of its atom. Beyond that energy, the electron is no longer bound to the nucleus of the atom and it is considered to be ionized. In that case n approaches infinity.

The equation for determining the energy of any state (the nth) is as follows:

energy = -13.6 over n^2 eV
Because the energy is so small, the energy is measured in electron-volts, designated as "eV". 1 eV = 1.6 x 10-19 J.

Answer the following questions:

1. Using the above expression, calculate the energy of the first excited state. Your answer will be negative. This signifies that the electron is bound to the atom (as opposed to being a free electron).

2 . Use the above expression to find the energy of the photon released when an electron around a hydrogen atom moves from the 4th to the 2nd level.

3. Now use the above expression to find the energy of the photon released when a free electron is captured to the 2nd level.

4. Use the relationship between a photon's energy and its wavelength to calculate the wavelength of the photon emitted in question 2.

5. Compare the wavelength for this transition with the lab spectrum of hydrogen below.

hydrogen spectrum




 

A service of the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC), Dr. Alan Smale (Director), within the Astrophysics Science Division (ASD) at NASA/GSFC

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