## Data for Using Hubble Law Approach

### Hubble's Constant and Distance to M31

Recap: Your astronomy professor has tasked the class with determining the velocity of Andromeda with respect to the Milky Way. You thought of three possible ways to do this, one of which will give you the right answer. You've decided to try using Hubble's Law to find the velocity from M31's distance.

You now know that you need two pieces of information in order to use Hubble's Law to solve for M31's velocity: the distance to M31 and Hubble's constant.

Looking up "distance to M31" on the web, it is easy to find that the
Andromeda galaxy (the other name for M31) is 2.5 million light years (or
2.5×10^{6} light years). Even though that sounds like it's
very far away, Andromeda is actually one of our nearest galaxy
neighbors.

The value of Hubble's constant, H_{0}, has been a topic of
ongoing research and observation ever since Hubble discovered that there
was a relationship between recession velocity and distance. The measured
value of H_{0} changes as our observations improve. The number
you find for H_{0} in your textbook is 68 km/sec/Mpc, which was
reported in 2013 as a result of studies done with data from the Planck
mission. You expect that your professor would want you to use this
number, even if there has been an update in the research.

Note that "Mpc" stands for mega-parsecs, or 10^{6} parsecs. And one parsec is about 3.3 light years. Be very careful keeping all of your units straight!