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Observing the Light Intensity of M31

Galex image of M31
Recap: Your astronomy professor has tasked the class with determining the velocity of Andromeda with respect to the Milky Way. You thought of three possible ways to do this, one of which will give you the right answer. You've decided to try using the 1/r2 relationship to find the distance to M31 at two different times and then calculate the velocity from the difference in the two distances.

You know that the apparent brightness of an object changes as its distance changes, so you should be able to see how much the M31 moves by observing its change in brightness over a given time period. Finding its velocity is then just a matter of dividing this distance by the time interval. A snap. You can use a light curve of M31 to discern how the galaxy's brightness changes over time.

The equation that describes how apparent brightness changes with distance is given by the relationship:

formula for intensity as a function of distance

In words, the intensity light varies as the inverse square of the separation from the light source (r).

More Information Learn more about the relationship between intensity and distance

More Information Learn more about lightcurves

Intensity equation Use this technique to solve for M31's velocity

More Information Return to the beginning and try another approach